Question 1 Buttercup Corporation issued 300 shares of $10 par value common stock for $4,500. Prepare Buttercup’s journal entry.
Question 2 Wilco Corporation has the following account balances at December 31, 2014. Common stock, $5 par value $510,000 Treasury stock $90,000 Retained earnings $2,340,000 Paid-in capital in excess of par—common stock $1,320,000. Prepare Wilco’s December 31, 2014, stockholders’ equity section.
Question 3 Woolford Inc. declared a cash dividend of $1.00 per share on its 2 million outstanding shares. The dividend was declared on August 1, payable on September 9 to all stockholders of record on August 15. Prepare all journal entries necessary on those three dates. Question 4 Ravonette Corporation issued 300 shares of $10 par value common stock and 100 shares of $50 par value preferred stock for a lump sum of $13,500. The common stock has a market price of $20 per share, and the preferred stock has a market price of $90 per share. Prepare the journal entry to record the issuance.
Question 5 The outstanding capital stock of Edna Millay Corporation consists of 2,000 shares of $100 par value, 8% preferred, and 5,000 shares of $50 par value common. Assuming that the company has retained earnings of $90,000, all of which is to be paid out in dividends, and that preferred dividends were not paid during the 2 years preceding the current year, state how much each class of stock should cipating. (b) The preferred stock is cumulative and nonparticipating.receive under each of the following conditions. (a) The preferred stock is noncumulative and nonparti (c) The preferred stock is cumulative and participating.
Question 6 Matt Schmidt Company’s ledger shows the following balances on December 31, 2014. 7% Preferred Stock—$10 par value, outstanding 20,000 shares $ 200,000 Common Stock—$100 par value, outstanding 30,000 shares 3,000,000 Retained Earnings 630,000 Assuming that the directors decide to declare total dividends in the amount of $366,000, determine how much each class of stock should receive under each of the conditions stated below. One year‘s dividends are in arrears on the preferred stock. (a) The preferred stock is cumulative and fully participating. (b) The preferred stock is noncumulative and nonparticipating. (c) The preferred stock is noncumulative and is participating in distributions in excess of a 10% dividend rate on the common stock.
Question 7 On January 1, 2014, Barwood Corporation granted 5,000 options to executives. Each option entitles the holder to purchase one share of Barwood’s $5 par value common stock at $50 per share at any time during the next 5 years. The market price of the stock is $65 per share on the date of grant. The fair value of the options at the grant date is $150,000. The period of benefit is 2 years. Prepare Barwood’s journal entries for January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2014 and 2015.
Question 8 Rockland Corporation earned net income of $300,000 in 2014 and had 100,000 shares of common stock outstanding throughout the year. Also outstanding all year was $800,000 of 10% bonds, which are convertible into 16,000 shares of common. Rockland’s tax rate is 40 percent. Compute Rockland’s 2014 diluted earnings per share.
Question 9 Ferraro, Inc. established a stock-appreciation rights (SAR) program on January 1, 2014, which entitles executives to receive cash at the date of exercise for the difference between the market price of the stock and the pre-established price of $20 on 5,000 SARs. The required service period is 2 years. The fair value of the SARs are determined to be $4 on December 31, 2014, and $9 on December 31, 2015. Compute Ferraro’s compensation expense for 2014 and 2015.
Question 10 Garfield Company purchased, as a held-to-maturity investment, $80,000 of the 9%, 5-year bonds of Chester Corporation for $74,086, which provides an 11% return. Prepare Garfield’s journal entries for (a) the purchase of the investment, and (b) the receipt of annual interest and discount amortization. Assume effective-interest amortization is used.
Question 11 Arantxa Corporation made the following cash purchases of securities during 2014, which is the first year in which Arantxa invested in securities.
1 On January 15, purchased 10,000 shares of Sanchez Company’s common stock at $33.50 per share plus commission $1,980.
2 On April 1, purchased 5,000 shares of Vicario Co.’s common stock at $52 per share plus commission $3,370.3 On September 10, purchased 7,000 shares of WTA Co.’s preferred stock at $26.50 per share plus commission $4,910. On May 20, 2014, Arantxa sold 4,000 shares of Sanchez Company’s common stock at a market price of $35 per share less brokerage commissions, taxes, and fees of $3,850. The year-end fair values per share were Sanchez $30, Vicario $55, and WTA $28. In addition, the chief accountant of Arantxa told you that Arantxa Corporation plans to hold these securities for the long term but may sell them in order to earn profits from appreciation in prices. (a) Prepare the journal entries to record the above three security purchases. (b) Prepare the journal entry for the security sale on May 20. (c) Compute the unrealized gains or losses. (d)Prepare the adjusting entries for Arantxa on December 31, 2014.
Question 12 The following are two independent situations.Situation 1
Conchita Cosmetics acquired 10% of the 200,000 shares of common stock of Martinez Fashion at a total cost of $13 per share on March 18, 2014. On June 30, Martinez declared and paid a $75,000 cash dividend. On December 31, Martinez reported net income of $122,000 for the year. At December 31, the market price of Martinez Fashion was $15 per share. The securities are classified as available-for-sale.
Monica, Inc. obtained significant influence over Seles Corporation by buying 30% of Seles’s 30,000 outstanding shares of common stock at a total cost of $9 per share on January 1, 2014. On June 15, Seles declared and paid a cash dividend of $36,000. On December 31, Seles reported a net income of $85,000 for the year.Prepare all necessary journal entries in 2014 for both situations.
Question 13 Parent Co. invested $1,000,000 in Sub Co. for 25% of its outstanding stock. Sub Co. pays out 40% of net income in dividends each year. Use the information in the following T-account for the investment in Sub to answer the following questions Investment in Sub Co.1,000,000 110,000 44,000 (a) How much was Parent Co.’s share of Sub Co.’s net income for the year?(b) How much was Parent Co.’s share of Sub Co.’s dividends for the year?(c) What was Sub Co.’s total net income for the year?(d) What was Sub Co.’s total dividends for the year?
Question 14 Jaycie Phelps Inc. acquired 20% of the outstanding common stock of Theresa Kulikowski Inc. on December 31, 2013. The purchase price was $1,200,000 for 50,000 shares. Kulikowski Inc. declared and paid an $0.85 per share cash dividend on June 30 and on December 31, 2014. Kulikowski reported net income of $730,000 for 2014. The fair value of Kulikowski’s stock was $27 per share at December 31, 2014.
(a) Prepare the journal entries for Jaycie Phelps Inc. for 2013 and 2014, assuming that Phelps cannot exercise significant influence over Kulikowski. The securities should be classified as available-for-sale. (b) Prepare the journal entries for Jaycie Phelps Inc. for 2013 and 2014, assuming that Phelps can exercise significant influence over Kulikowski.
Question 15 On January 2, 2014, Jones Company purchases a call option for $300 on Merchant common stock. The call option gives Jones the option to buy 1,000 shares of Merchant at a strike price of $50 per share. The market price of a Merchant share is $50 on January 2, 2014 (the intrinsic value is therefore $0). On March 31, 2014, the market price for Merchant stock is $53 per share, and the time value of the option is $200. (a) Prepare the journal entry to record the purchase of the call option on January 2, 2014.(b) Prepare the journal entries to recognize the change in the fair value of the call option as of March 31, 2014. (c) What was the effect on net income of entering into the derivative transaction for the period January 2 to March 31, 2014?
Question 16 In 2014, Amirante Corporation had pretax financial income of $168,000 and taxable income of $120,000. The difference is due to the use of different depreciation methods for tax and accounting purposes. The effective tax rate is 40%. Compute the amount to be reported as income taxes payable at December 31, 2014.
Question 17 Clydesdale Corporation has a cumulative temporary difference related to depreciation of $580,000 at December 31, 2014. This difference will reverse as follows: 2015, $42,000; 2016, $244,000; and 2017, $294,000. Enacted tax rates are 34% for 2015 and 2016, and 40% for 2017. Compute the amount Clydesdale should report as a deferred tax liability at December 31, 2014.
Question 18 At December 31, 2014, Fell Corporation had a deferred tax liability of $680,000, resulting from future taxable amounts of $2,000,000 and an enacted tax rate of 34%. In May 2015, a new income tax act is signed into law that raises the tax rate to 40% for 2015 and future years. Prepare the journal entry for Fell to adjust the deferred tax liability.
Question 19Lahey Corp. has three defined benefit pension plans as follows.
Pension AssetsProjected Benefit
(at Fair Value)Obligation
Plan X$600,000 $500,000 $100,000
Plan Y900,000 720,000$180,000
Plan Z550,000 700,000($150,000)
How will Lahey report these multiple plans in its financial statements?
Question 20 Manno Corporation has the following information available concerning its postretirement benefit plan for 2014. Service cost $40,000 Interest cost $47,400 Actual and expected return on plan assets $26,900
Compute Manno’s 2014 postretirement expense
Question 21For 2014, Sampsell Inc. computed its annual postretirement expense as $240,900. Sampsell’s contribution to the plan during 2014 was $180,000. Prepare Sampsell’s 2014 entry to record postretirement expense.
Question 22 Wertz Construction Company decided at the beginning of 2014 to change from the completed-contract method to the percentage-of-completion method for financial reporting purposes. The company will continue to use the completed-contract method for tax purposes. For years prior to 2014, pretax income under the two methods was as follows: percentage-of-completion $120,000, and completed-contract $80,000. The tax rate is 35%. Prepare Wertz’s 2014 journal entry to record the change in accounting principle.
Question 23 In 2014, Bailey Corporation discovered that equipment purchased on January 1, 2012, for $50,000 was expensed at that time. The equipment should have been depreciated over 5 years, with no salvage value. The effective tax rate is 30%. Prepare Bailey’s 2014 journal entry to correct the error.
Question 24 At January 1, 2014, Beidler Company reported retained earnings of $2,000,000. In 2014, Beidler discovered that 2013 depreciation expense was understated by $400,000. In 2014, net income was $900,000 and dividends declared were $250,000. The tax rate is 40%. Prepare a 2014 retained earnings statement for Beidler Company.
Question 25 Simmons Corporation owns stock of Armstrong, Inc. Prior to 2014, the investment was accounted for using the equity method. In early 2014, Simmons sold part of its investment in Armstrong, and began using the fair value method. In 2014, Armstrong earned net income of $80,000 and paid dividends of $95,000. Prepare Simmons’s entries related to Armstrong’s net income and dividends, assuming Simmons now owns 10% of Armstrong’s stock.
Question 26 DiCenta Corporation reported net income of $270,000 in 2014 and had 50,000 shares of common stock outstanding throughout the year. Also outstanding all year were 5,000 shares of cumulative preferred stock, each convertible into 2 shares of common. The preferred stock pays an annual dividend of $5 per share. DiCenta’s tax rate is 40%. Compute DiCenta’s 2014 diluted earnings per share.
Question 27 AMR Corporation (parent company of American Airlines) reported the following for 2011 (in millions). Service cost $366 Interest on P.B.O. $737 Return on plan assets $593 Amortization of prior service cost $13 Amortization of net loss $154
Question 28 For Warren Corporation, year-end plan assets were $2,000,000. At the beginning of the year, plan assets were $1,780,000. During the year, contributions to the pension fund were $120,000, and benefits paid were $200,000. Compute Warren’s actual return on plan assets.
Question 29 For 2012, Campbell Soup Company had pension expense of $73 million and contributed $71 million to the pension fund.Prepare Campbell Soup Company’s journal entry to record pension expense and funding.
Question 30 Hillsborough Co. has an available-for-sale investment in the bonds of Schuyler Corp. with a carrying (and fair) value of $70,000. Hillsborough determined that due to poor economic prospects for Schuyler, the bonds have decreased in value to $60,000. It is determined that this loss in value is other-than-temporary. Prepare the journal entry, if any, to record the reduction in value.